The Merkelland. A political inspection — Part 1
One thing is certain: it must be ruled, otherwise it no longer has the state. And in some way, a government must come to her office. Since the Federal Republic understood as democracy, the people must decide to decide whom it wants to be ruled. For this purpose, elections will take place in which the burger should be tangible with the same weight of their voice, participation is voluntary in this country.
It works representative, that too, that also means: The people do not elay a government, but representatives who then bring a chancellor or a chancellor into office, and this person calls ministers, as well as it intends, so it wants the Basic Law the "Guidelines" politics. However, the government can not simply do what she wants, in laws is the parliament stated, the representation of the people has to be demonstrated this. As a mediating institutions, the parties act in all this. If anything goes with right things, grabbing freight. So the Federal Republic Basic Pattern of Democracy.
This procedure seems to be obvious at first glance, also unproblematic. And it has always worked, even now again, in the formation of the ruling coalition coalition. In international comparison, the Federal Republic is as a state, whose government is unusual. However, there is no guarantee for the future development. The stability of the local policy system has a historical prerequisite: economic prosperity, only occasionally a little gorge, and resulting in a small MAB social turbulence.
But the story goes on, and not even Angela Merkel, who is not to be saw anxiety, was given the hand to the fire that the Federal Republic lasting its preferred place in the euro network and in the world market. Even in the German Society Prekare is also widening work and living conditions, the trend as soon as. This has always resulted in greater leaching in pensions of the renewable generation. For more and more people in the Federal Republic are the material skill times in advance. Of course, this trend has political effects.
This includes the election and government system as well as the parties operation. Are you discontinued on trouble-free behavior under threading conditions in the political environment?
Election attendance as a privilege
The Bertelsmann Foundation, not yet plagued by doubt about German policy ratios, has a "worrying" Result of your empirical research reported, in evaluation of the youngest federal election: The precariat draws from the election act. The turnout polarizes socially; In poverty districts of the city, it is very low, in quarters of the well-behaved very high. The reason for this is not that the so-called "Wealthy" The ability was missing to form a ballot. Rather, they do not rely on the parties, in the parliament and the government’s trust, they wanted or could otherwise to the cleavage of the German society.
So we are what political practice is concerned on the way back into one "Own democracy", Depending on the political participation from the class train is dependent. In Prenbian times this was once regulated by suffrage, votes of the many poor had no weight against those of the few rich. This method of keeping the lower people politically short nowadays is no longer useful; Rule of elites does not have to be made by external compulsion, it forms how science expresses it so nice, "systemic" out.
In the election campaign for the now tapped Bundestag, it almost seemed like a counter-current momentum. The SPD and the greats also put the "Social question" At the center of their programmatic appearances, "Redistribution from top to bottom" was proclaimed; DI tax policy, so strolled, should be geared to this goal. These messages were addressed to previous "Elective". However, these are hardly dating into the vote; Apparently, they remained skeptically opposed to promises of parties established in the existing policy system or — like the Left Party — in this "arrive" want.
In addition, Peer Steinbruck as Chancellor’s candidate came the promised socio-political "Course change" not could cladly claused. In the role of the "Lawyers of the poor" or who threatened by poverty he was a misconciliation. His candidacy did not come from one "social movement", on which Social Democrats and Grune had admitted, but the personal decision-making decision of a party measurement.
the "Participation party" — a simulation
After the general election was in the party business "turn" to the "Solidary society", along the turn to the policy-imposed part of the people, quickly forgotten. Now it was concerned about participation in the government, immediately or in the art to see the availability "Setup" In the parties family . Election programs are disposed of inappropriate habit after the day after the in the office, as a mabstobe for the appointment of government coalitions they are not in use.
The peak peaks of the SPD decided this time without zogern to coalition with the CDU / CSU, the green went into the waiting for a governmental confession with the Union parties; These two strategic orientations came about without a debate in the "Electoral volk" Gone in advance. Of the "Sovereign" Was free from his muhen after the election. However, the leadership of the SPD wanted their base to the government "take along", And for this purpose, she organized a membership decision — about the already negotiated coalition agreement. That was not very riskless, but very promising coup. To biased were not the details of the contract with its 185 pages to decide to decide the members as to whether they wanted to refuse their executive; In this case, he had threatened his jerking and thus a disaster of the party as a whole. As calculated, it came to the majority yes, and the SPD can now praise as "New model of party democracy", as "Participation party". Has social democracy with its intra-party vote "Democracy story made", As your chairman, now Vice-Chancellor, rejected jubilation?
The membership decision does not mean by a step towards the plebisco-containing refresh of a mude representative policy system. An intra-party vote in this style is simulated rather decision "below"; The SPD method did not contain government or opposition-polic alternatives between which the voters had elections.